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Non Governmental Diplomacy

National Platforms members have collaborated in conducting NGD exercises addressing themes of global interest: reducing inequalities; water and sanitation, regulation of agricultural markets; conflicts resolution, climate change, financing for development, enabling environment. Through these exercises, NPF have built common positions to present in the international arena stage, like at the 2009 Copenhagen Summit and the G20 in November 2011 in Cannes.

Access to water and sanitation

PFN in charge:  Congad, Senegal

Reports:

Access to water and sanitation is a necessary condition to lay the foundations for sustainable socio-economic development based on agriculture, which employs 70% of the world’s working population, and for human development taking into account the social determinants of health, which include access to sanitation. In a context characterized, on the one hand, by the growing scarcity of public resources allocated to the areas of water and sanitation, and on the other, by tenant farming and privatization dynamics, an increasing number of people are excluded from access to these factors in health and socio-economic development.

In Senegal, to take only his example, 10% of city dwellers and 36% of rural dwellers have no access to drinking water. As for sanitation, access rates are not much higher. In spite of an increased access rate, which has grown from 39% to 57% between 2002 and 2004, people excluded from the sanitation system meeting MDG standards represent 83% of the total population in rural areas and 41% in urban areas.

A mobilization of civil society therefore appears necessary for a greater synergy, for an efficient practice of the states’ missions and duties,

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Climate change

PFN in charge: Piango

The climate crisis is indeed upon us. Our current greenhouse gas concentrations (380 ppm of carbon dioxide equivalent) could very soon exceed the danger threshold of 450 ppm, which would mean a 2ºC temperature increase. A temperature increase of more than 5ºC would correspond to the temperature change experienced since the last ice age. Exceeding this threshold could have irreversible effects on ecosystems, water resources, food, coastlines, and health.

Developing countries and the least developed countries (LDCs) in particular, are the most vulnerable to climate change. They are already suffering from climate shocks – droughts, flooding and storms— even if they cannot be attributed with certainty to climate change. These climate shocks will exacerbate existing economic, social, political and environmental vulnerabilities. For instance, For instance, Climate Change is an issue of “life and death” in the Pacific Islands. The extra-ordinary situation of low lying atoll people facing inevitable forced and total resettlement as a result of climate change effects. The total population of Pacific Island States is approximately 8 millions.

The scientific observations are clear, but policy responses have not measured up. That it is urgent to act to stabilise the climate over the long term has already

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Conflicts

PFN in charge: CNONGD

In its June 2001 report on the prevention of Armed Conflict at the UN General Assembly, the Secretary General of the UN launched an appeal for close interaction between the UN and civil society organisations (A/55/985-S/2001/574).

The UN Security Council’s resolution 1625 recognises the fundamental roles of a civil society in preventing conflict and stresses their undisputed contribution in this field (S/RES/1625, 2005). Although the violent conflicts will not cease to threaten human security, the prevention of conflicts is emerging as a core strategy designed to integrate the efforts of all the stakeholders working to promote peace and development.

The civil society organisations working towards peace and development have proven their ability to add to governmental efforts in the field of conflict prevention. Take, for example, the case of the West Africa Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP), which involves encouraging collaborative approaches to peacebuilding and conflict prevention in West Africa with the ECOWAS. During violent conflicts, it’s the civil society which provides essential services including emergency aid for people in need.

Finally, regional organisations such as the African Union and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) have involved civil society organisations in their efforts to promote peace and security

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Enabling Environment for NGOs

PFN in charge: VANI

Enabling Environment for NGOs

Voluntary organizations in almost all over the world are experiencing the restriction in their operating space.  The nature and scope of such shrinking enabling environment also depends on the stage of the country’s socio-economic development and democratization of the society.  These restrictions are either in the form of formulation of new regulatory regimes or arbitrary implementation of existing laws at grass roots level. The other manifestation is also decline of the financial resources available to the sector. Many research reports have highlighted these facts.  The sector is feeling the denial of freedom to associate and raise the cause of the marginalized and deprived groups. Such restrictions have also curtailed the scope to innovations for which the sector is known for. Being a national platform, these challenges are encountered and faced in every country by members of IFP.  The key ask of NGOs prepared after more than 70 national and regional consultations by Open Forum also highlight this as an important area of intervention. In various IFP meetings this issue has been raised, and need is expressed to develop enabling environment as one of the areas of Non-Governmental Diplomacy theme. Although various networks and institutions

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Fight against social exclusion and inequalities

PFN responsible: ACCIÓN

Poverty is expected to increase by 53 million people at the global level, while estimations suggest that the food crisis has already increased by 44 million the number of people suffering from malnutrition. According to the 2009 Social Watch Report, the crisis effects will probably lead to increasing inequality. The gap between rich and poor homes, which has been widening since the 1990s, will become even deeper. A sample study of countries included in an ILO report of 2008 showed that the income gap, between the 10% that receive the highest salaries and the 10% with the lowest salaries, had increased by 70%.

It is necessary to add a political component to the debate on poverty and broaden it to include issues such as justice tax, innovative financing for development, financial crisis, MDG, among others. Studies by the United Nations University (2006) show that 2% of the richest adult population of the world owns over half the global wealth of homes. In contrast, the poorest half of the world’s adult population owns only 1% of global wealth. Inequality has become a central issue in the discussion on public policy and economic models in Latin America.

There is inequality within

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Development Financing

PFN in charge: InterAction

In 2007, official overseas development assistance remains very insufficient. Despite the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by all United Nations member states in 2000, the international community has so far not been able to mobilize the necessary resources to attain these goals, among which are in particular halving extreme poverty, providing universal primary education and halting the spread of HIV/AIDS.

Since such goals appear unattainable by the deadline established by the United Nations (2015), due to the OECD member states’ failure to respect their commitment to giving 0,7% of their GNP to official overseas aid, some states, under the impulse of NGOs and civil movements, have reflected upon the implementation of innovative mechanisms for development. These mechanisms should help increase the funds allocated to the realization of the MDGs. Moreover, the volatility of traditional overseas aid, subjected to budgetary hazards of the donating countries, has not been able to produce sufficiently previsible funds to back social expenditures or national development strategies for beneficiary countries on the mid term. Innovative mechanisms, particularly international taxes, precisely allow to raise not only additional, but also stable and previsible funds. Finally, for NGOs, these mechanisms also create a precedent in

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Regulation of agricultural markets

PFN in charge: Coordination SUD

In an international economic order based on unequal trade and “unshared” wealth, it is urgent to integrate developing countries into the cycles of international trade negotiations in order to make sure they have a significant place in the world economy.

NGO’s lay emphasis on carrying out independent evaluations and social and environmental impact studies of the successive waves of liberalisation resulting from various international trade agreements.

Two things are essential: the working of the WTO should be made more transparent and democratic, and the duty of social and environmental responsibility of economic stakeholders should be acknowledged. A large number of NGO’s particularly stress on the need to regulate agricultural raw material markets. The lives of more than 75% of the world’s poor depend on them.

FACTS AND FIGURES

Africa’s share in world trade has moved by 6% in 1980.

Agriculture represents 70% of employment in Africa and a little more than 30% of the GDP.

854 millions of human beings continue to suffer from under nourishment the world over.

According to the FAO, 70% of the world population suffering from hunger live in rural areas.

In 2003, in the “Maputo Declaration”, Heads of State and Governments committed themselves to allocate at least 10 %

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